Ancient Egypt is one of the most mysterious civilizations. It is surrounded by millions of myths and legends. Despite the fact that we know a lot about the era of the pharaohs, there are still a lot of hidden secrets even today. For example, we still don’t know the exact location of Queen Nefertiti’s tomb. We hope that one day scientists will manage to lift this veil of secrecy.
Bright Side highlights some significant facts about Ancient Egypt that scientists have managed to discover in the past 10 years.
Tutankhamun’s golden mask might have been made for Nefertiti.
In 2015, British archaeologist Nicholas Reeves introduced a theory claiming that the famous funeral mask, previously thought to be for Tutankhamun, was made for a different person. Scientists think that it was the mask of Nefertiti, Tutankhamun’s mother, who reigned together with his presumed father pharaoh Akhenaten.
Reeves’ opinion is based on several features. First,
© Roland Unger/wikimedi
the mask’s ears are pierced. It’s known that only women and children wore earrings in Ancient Egypt. And Tutankhamun died at the age of 19 so he wasn’t a child according to the standards of that time. Second, hieroglyphs with the name of the deceased pharaoh appear to have been inscribed on top of earlier writing. The scientists are speculating that the original writing was Nefertiti’s full name meaning “Beautiful are the beauties of Aten, a beautiful woman has come.”
By the way, Tut’s original name, Tutankhaten, means “Living Image of Aten,” while Tutankhamun means “Living Image of Amun.” This happened when the Aten cult was “replaced” with Amun. Scientists assume that this fact sheds some light on Nefertiti’s tomb secret: priests tried to remove and erase everything connected with Aten and since Akhenaten together with his beautiful wife were the main symbols of the “outdated” god Aten, they were hidden.